Modern Italy: The Pifferari is an 1838 painting by the English Romantic painter, printmaker and watercolorist J. M. W. Turner. This work is located in the Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum in Glasgow, Scotland.
The Pifferari, an Italian term meaning pipers or bagpipers, refers to a traditional group of musicians who play the zampogna, a type of bagpipe, during the Christmas season in Italy. This centuries-old tradition is especially associated with the southern regions, such as Calabria, Basilicata, and Sicily.
The Pifferari are often shepherds who come down from the mountains to urban areas, playing rustic and evocative tunes in public squares and in front of churches. Dressed in traditional and colorful attire, they carry a distinct cultural significance, embodying a connection between rural life and the festive spirit of Christmas.