Artists

Auguste Toulmouche

Auguste Toulmouche

Auguste Toulmouche (1829—1890) was, especially between the 1850s and 1870s, a highly regarded French portraitist and is most famous for his work Vanity from 1870. Toulmouche was born in Nantes, on the French Atlantic coast. In his home city, he benefitted from the teaching of Amédée Ménard, a well-established academic sculptor. After arriving in Paris …

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Berthold Woltze

Berthold Woltze (1829—1896) is a little-known German painter, illustrator, and art teacher of the second half of the 19th century. He is most commonly cited for his painting The Annoying Gentleman (1874). Early Life Woltze was born in Saxony-Anhalt, a region in the North-East of Germany. He relocated to Weimar, the intellectual and artistic centre …

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Maria Blanchard

Maria Blanchard

Maria Blanchard or María Gutiérrez-Cueto y Blanchard (6 March 6, 1881- 5 April 1932), a Spanish painter, was one of the most important female artists of the 20th century and is known as the First Lady of Cubism. She developed a unique style of Cubism that has been enormously influential, and her works now hang …

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Childe Hassam

Childe Hassam

Childe Hassam was an artist who was a leader of the American Impressionist movement. Fredrick Childe Hassam (1859-1935) was born to a New England family in Boston, Massachusetts. He became one of the main figures of Impressionism in America by the turn of the 20th century and, finally, one of America’s great artistic authorities prior …

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Kazimir Malevich

Kazimir Malevich

Kazimir Malevich was a Polish-Ukrainian Russian painter who pioneered the development of abstract art in the early 20th-century and had a significant impact on both technique and social art history. Kazimir Malevich (1879—1935) was born in Kyiv, in the Russian Empire, to a Polish family that had migrated following the partition of their country. Malevich’s …

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George Caleb Bingham

George Caleb Bingham

George Caleb Bingham (1811-1879) was an American portraitist and landscape artist. George Caleb Bingham Summary: His love for painting developed after an apprenticeship with a cabinet maker. He was mostly self-taught but studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts for three months. Scenes of river life are among his most famous pieces. Bingham …

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Abraham Bloemaert

Abraham Bloemaert (1566-1651) was a Dutch artist who contributed to the Mannerist and Baroque movements. Abraham Bloemaert Summary: He was influenced by Caravaggio. After his studies in Utrecht, he trained in the School of Fontainebleau in Paris under Hieronymus Francken. His father became the city architect of Amsterdam in 1591. Bloemart taught at the Utrecht …

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Plautilla Nelli

Plautilla Nelli (1524-1588) was an Italian nun and Renaissance artist. Plautilla Nelli Summary: She is the first known female Renaissance artist. She was influenced by the teachings of Savonarola and the art of Fra Bartolomeo. She established an all-women painting class in her convent and taught other sisters to paint. Her rendition of the Last …

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Jusepe de Ribera

Jusepe de Ribera

Jusepe de Ribera (1591-1652) was a Spanish artist known for his depictions of religious and mythological subjects in Baroque dramatic realism. Jusepe de Ribera Summary: He was initially supposed to have a career in literature but pursued art instead. He was given the nickname “Lo Spagnoletto” or Little Spaniard by Roman artists. He became a …

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Palma Vecchio

Palma Vecchio

Palma Vecchio (1480-1528) was an artist during the period of the Italian High Renaissance. Palma Vecchio Summary: Born Jacopo Palma (also known as Jacopo Negretti),  he changed his name to Palma Vecchio (Palma the Elder) to distinguish himself from his artist-nephew Palma il Giovane (Palma the Younger). He specialized in sacra conversazione or two or …

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Henry Raeburn

Henry Raeburn (1756-1823) was a portraitist from Scotland. Henry Raeburn Summary: Although he trained with fellow artists, he was mostly self-taught.’ He began painting miniatures and slowly made his way to bigger portraits. He was elected president of the Edinburgh Society of Artists in 1812. He was knighted in 1822 and became the official portrait …

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Adolph Menzel

Adolph Menzel (1815-1905) was known for being one of the most successful painters of 19th century Germany. Adolph Menzel Summary: He was incredibly popular because of his historical paintings and graphic work. Menzel was short. He was four feet and six inches tall. He traveled around a lot, but his heart was always settled in …

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Philipp Otto Runge

Philipp Otto Runge

Philipp Otto Runge (1777-1810) was a German painter of the Romanticism movement. Philipp Otto Runge Summary: He had no formal art training but took several private drawing lessons. He was a student at Royal Danish Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture Academy from 1799-to 1801. He continued his studies at the Academy of Art in Dresden afterward. …

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