J. M. W. Turner

J. M. W. Turner

J. M. W. Turner (1775—1851) was the great Romantic landscapist of English painting.

J. M. W. Turner Summary

  • His father, a butcher, was an enthusiastic supporter and the first to sell his drawings
  • The deaths of his father (his studio assistant) and Edward Thomas Daniell affected him deeply
  • Admitted to the Royal Academy of Art aged 15 by Joshua Reynolds
  • Principally a landscape painter, ever attracted to images of calamity
  • Also, a capable printmaker, produced the Liber Studiorum, a series with 71 prints
  • Friends with follower Augustus Wall Callcott
  • Died of cholera in Chelsea, he is buried in St. Paul’s Cathedral beside Joshua Reynolds

J. M. W. Turner’s Famous Paintings

  • Fishermen at Sea (1796)
  • Dutch Boats in a Gale (1801)
  • Snow Storm: Hannibal and his Army Crossing the Alps (1812)
  • Dort or Dordrecht: The Dort packet-boat from Rotterdam becalmed (1818)
  • The Burning of the Houses of Lords and Commons, 16 October 1834 (1834)
  • Wreckers Coast of Northumberland (c. 1836)
  • Modern Rome — Campo Vaccino (1839)
  • The Slave Ship (1840)
  • Rain, Steam and Speed — The Great Western Railway (1844)
  • Norham Castle, Sunrise (c. 1845)

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