The Country School is a genre oil on canvas painting by American artist Winslow Homer. It was painted in 1871 in the American Realist style. This work is located in the Saint Louis Art Museum in St. Louis, Missouri.
One-room schools were a common educational institution in many rural areas, particularly in the United States, during the 18th, 19th, and early 20th centuries. These schools were characterized by having a single classroom where students of different ages and grades were taught by a single teacher.