Johannes Vermeer

Johannes Vermeer

Johannes Vermeer (1632—1675) was a Dutch Baroque painter known for his depictions of middle-class society.

Johannes Vermeer Summary

  • Born in Delft, in Holland, to a Reformed Church artisan family
  • Painted a relatively small number of works (less than 50) of which 34 survive today
  • Converted to Catholicism through marriage and exhibited firm faith in his work
  • Though his formation is mysterious, became a struggling genre painter
  • Made lavish use of the expensive lapis lazuli pigment and rich colors in general
  • Witnessed the 1654 gunpowder explosion in Delft and the Dutch ‘Year of Disaster’ of 1672
  • Died from illness, left his wife with a significant amount of debt

Johannes Vermeer’s Famous Paintings

  • A View of Delft after the Explosion of 1654 (1654)
  • The Little Street (1658)
  • The Milkmaid (c. 1658)
  • The Girl with the Wine Glass (c. 1659)
  • View of Delft (1661)
  • Girl with a Pearl Earring (1665)
  • Mistress and Maid (1667)
  • The Art of Painting (1668)
  • The Geographer (1669)
  • Lady Writing a Letter with her Maid (1671)

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