Francisco Goya (1746-1828) was a Spanish court painter, specialising in portraits and Romantic works.
Francisco Goya Summary
Full name is Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes
His Naked Maya is one of the most daring and famous nudes in the history of art
From 1799 honoured as the painter of the Spanish court
Painted Kings Charles III and Charles IV and most of the high Spanish aristocracy
Documented the horrors of the Napoleonic war in Spain in his Disasters of War prints
During the Napoleonic invasion started to suffer from hallucinations while already deaf
Last, the “Black” period characterised by exceptionally lugubrious motifs
Francisco Goya’s Famous Paintings and Prints
Christ Crucified (1780)
Los Caprichos (1798)
Charles IV of Spain and His Family (1801)
Portrait of Manuel Godoy (1801)
La maja desnuda (c. 1800) & La maja vestida (1805)
Portrait of the Duke of Wellington (1812)
The Second of May 1808 (1814)
The Disasters of War (1810-1820)
Saturn Devouring His Son (1823)The Witches’ Sabbath (1823)
Goya becomes apprentice to Spanish Baroque painter José Luzán in Saragossa at age 14.
Becomes a Genre painter in Madrid and is commissioned to paint King Charles III. Becomes the official court painter in 1786
Francisco Goya becomes ill, likely the result of cholera. Has a significant change in personality and eventually becomes deaf as a result of his illness.
Having witnessed the Napoleonic Invasion of Spain, also known as the Peninsular War, Goya paints his ‘disasters of war’ series.
Alone in his house Quinta del Sordo (or House of the Deaf) near Madrid, Francisco Goya paints his ‘black paintings’ series. They are on the walls of the house and Goys never tells anybody about them
Moves to Bordeaux in South-West France with his companion Leocadia Zorrilla, Goya paints his La Tauromaquia (Bullfighting) series as well as his final oil paintings, which are almost Impressionistic. Goya dies on April 16, 1828 aged 82 in Bordeaux. His remains are sent back to Spain.