Francisco Goya

Francisco Goya

Francisco Goya (1746-1828) was a Spanish court painter, specialising in portraits and Romantic works.

Francisco Goya Summary

  • Full name is Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes
  • His Naked Maya is one of the most daring and famous nudes in the history of art
  • From 1799 honoured as the painter of the Spanish court
  • Painted Kings Charles III and Charles IV and most of the high Spanish aristocracy
  • Documented the horrors of the Napoleonic war in Spain in his Disasters of War prints
  • During the Napoleonic invasion started to suffer from hallucinations while already deaf
  • Last, the “Black” period characterised by exceptionally lugubrious motifs

Francisco Goya’s Famous Paintings and Prints

  • Christ Crucified (1780)
  • Los Caprichos (1798)
  • Charles IV of Spain and His Family (1801)
  • Portrait of Manuel Godoy (1801)
  • La maja desnuda (c. 1800) & La maja vestida (1805)
  • Portrait of the Duke of Wellington (1812)
  • The Second of May 1808 (1814)
  • The Disasters of War (1810-1820)
  • Saturn Devouring His Son (1823)The Witches’ Sabbath (1823)

1760-85
Goya becomes apprentice to Spanish Baroque painter José Luzán in Saragossa at age 14.

Consecration of Aloysius Gonzaga as patron saint of youth Francisco Goya 1763
Consecration of Aloysius Gonzaga as patron saint of youth by Francisco Goya (1763), Oil on canvas, 127 cm × 88 cm (50 in × 35 in), Saragossa Museum, Saragossa

 

1771 - Francisco Goya - Hannibal the Conqueror
Hannibal the Conqueror by Francisco Goya (1771), Oil on canvas, Height: 87 cm (34.2 in); Width: 131.5 cm (51.7 in), Fundación Selgas-Fagalde (Asturias, Spain)
1771 - Francisco Goya - The Sacrifice to Priapus
The Sacrifice to Priapus by Francisco Goya (1771), Romantisicm, Oil on canvas, 33 x 24 cm, Private collection

 

1772 - Francisco Goya - The Adoration of the Name of God
The Adoration of the Name of God by Francisco Goya (1772), Romanticism, Religious Art, Fresco, 700 cm × 1500 cm (280 in × 590 in), The Cathedral-Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar, Zaragoza, Spain

 

1777 - Francisco Goya - The Parasol
The Parasol by Francisco Goya (1777), Romanticism, Oil on linen, 104 cm × 152 cm, Museo del Prado, Madrid

 

1778 - Francisco Goya - Blind Guitarist
Blind Guitarist by Francisco Goya (1778), Romanticism, Oil on canvas, Height: 260 cm (102.3 in); Width: 311 cm (10.2 ft), Museo del Prado, Madrid

 

1779 - Francisco Goya - The Swing
The Swing by Francisco Goya (1779), Romanticism, Oil on canvas, 260 × 165 cm, Museo del Prado, Madrid

 

1783 - Francisco Goya - The Count of Floridablanca and Goya
The Count of Floridablanca by Francisco Goya (1783), Romanticism, Oil on canvas, Height: 262 cm (103.1 in); Width: 166 cm (65.3 in), Private Collection, owned by the Bank of Spain

 

1786-91
Becomes a Genre painter in Madrid and is commissioned to paint King Charles III. Becomes the official court painter in 1786

1786 - Francisco Goya - The Marquesa de Pontejos
The Marquesa de Pontejos by Francisco Goya (1786), Oil on canvas, 210.3 x 127 cm (82 13/16 x 50 inches), National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

 

1787 - 1788 - Francisco Goya - Manuel Osorio Manrique de Zúñiga
Manuel Osorio Manrique de Zúñiga by Francisco Goya (Around 1787 – 1788), Oil on canvas, Height: 127 cm (50 in); Width: 101.6 cm (40 in), Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City

1792-97
Francisco Goya becomes ill, likely the result of cholera. Has a significant change in personality and eventually becomes deaf as a result of his illness.

1787 - Francisco Goya - María Ramona de Barbachano
María Ramona de Barbachano by Francisco Goya (between 1787 and 1788), Oil on canvas, Height: 114.4 cm (45 inches); Width: 83.6 cm (32.9 inches)

 

1788 - Francisco Goya - Family of the Duke of Osuna
Family of the Duke of Osuna by Francisco Goya (1788), Oil on canvas, Height: 225 cm (88.5 in); Width: 174 cm (68.5 in), Prado Museum, Madrid

 

1794 - Francisco Goya - Yard with Lunatics
Yard with Lunatics by Francisco Goya (1794), Oil on tin, Height: 43.8 cm (17.2 in); Width: 32.7 cm (12.8 in), Meadows Museum, Dallas, Texas

 

1793 - Francisco Goya - Prison Interior
Prison Interior by Francisco Goya (1793), oil on tin plate, Height: 42.9 cm (16.8 in); Width: 31.7 cm (12.4 in), Bowes Museum

 

1795 - Francisco Goya - Duchess of Alba (The White Duchess)
Duchess of Alba (The White Duchess) by Francisco Goya (1795), oil on canvas, Height: 192 cm (75.5 in); Width: 128 cm (50.3 in), House of Alba, Madrid

 

1796 - Francisco Goya - Self-Portrait on Linen
Self-Portrait on Linen by Francisco Goya (1796), oil on canvas, Height: 18.2 cm (7.1 in); Width: 12.2 cm (4.8 in), Prado Museum, Madrid

 

1798-1818
Having witnessed the Napoleonic Invasion of Spain, also known as the Peninsular War, Goya paints his ‘disasters of war’ series.

1800 - Francisco Goya - Countess of Chinchon
Countess of Chinchon by Francisco Goya (1800), oil on canvas, Height: 216 cm (85 in); Width: 144 cm (56.6 in), Prado Museum, Madrid

 

1800 - Francisco Goya - La maja desnuda
La maja desnuda by Francisco Goya (1800), oil on canvas, Height: 98 cm (38.5 in) ; Width: 191 cm (75.1 in), Prado Museum, Madrid

 

1800 and 1801 - Francisco Goya - Charles IV of Spain and His Family
Charles IV of Spain and His Family by Francisco Goya (between 1800 and 1801), oil on canvas, Height: 280 cm (110.2 in); Width: 336 cm (11 ft), Prado Museum, Madrid

 

1800 and 1807 - Francisco Goya - La maja vestida
La maja vestida by Francisco Goya (between 1800 and 1807), oil on canvas, Height: 95 cm (37.4 in) ; Width: 190 cm (74.8 in), Prado Museum, Madrid

 

1818-1825 - Francisco Goya - The Colossus
The Colossus by Francisco Goya (1818-1825), oil on canvas, 116 × 105 cm (45.6 × 41.3 in), Prado Museum, Madrid

 

1814 - Francisco Goya - The Second of May 1808
The Second of May 1808 by Francisco Goya (1814), oil on canvas, Height: 266 cm (104.7 in); Width: 345 cm (11.3 ft), Prado Museum, Madrid

 

1814 - Francisco Goya - The Third of May
The Third of May 1808 by Francisco Goya (1814), oil on canvas, Height: 2.6 m (104.7 in); Width: 3.4 m (11.3 ft), Prado Museum, Madrid

 

1808 - 1812 - Francisco Goya - The Inquisition Tribunal
The Inquisition Tribunal by Francisco Goya (1808/1812), Oil on panel, Height: 46 cm (18.1 in) ; Width: 73 cm (28.7 in), Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Madrid

1819-23
Alone in his house Quinta del Sordo (or House of the Deaf) near Madrid, Francisco Goya  paints his ‘black paintings’ series. They are on the walls of the house and Goys never tells anybody about them

1820 - Francisco Goya - Self-portrait with Dr Arrieta
Self-portrait with Dr Arrieta by Francisco Goya (1820), oil on canvas, Height: 45.1 in (114.6 cm); Width: 30.1 in (76.5 cm), Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minnesota

 

1821-1823 - Francisco Goya - The Great He-Goat or Witches Sabbath
The Great He-Goat or Witches Sabbath by Francisco Goya (1821-1823), oil on canvas, 140.5 by 435.7 centimetres (55.3 in × 171.5 in), Prado Museum, Madrid

 

1819-1823 - Francisco Goya - Saturn Devouring His Son
Saturn Devouring His Son by Francisco Goya (1819-1823), oil on canvas, 146 × 83 cm (57½ × 32½ in), Prado Museum, Madrid

 

1821-1823 - Francisco Goya - Two Old Men
Two Old Men by Francisco Goya (1821–1823), Oil mural transferred to canvas, Height: 142.5 cm (56.1 in); Width: 65.6 cm (25.8 in), Museo del Prado, Madrid

 

1824-28
Moves to Bordeaux in South-West France with his companion Leocadia Zorrilla, Goya paints his La Tauromaquia (Bullfighting) series as well as his final oil paintings, which are almost Impressionistic. Goya dies on April 16, 1828 aged 82 in Bordeaux. His remains are sent back to Spain.

Francisco Goya: Monk Talking to an Old Woman
Monk Talking to an Old Woman by Francisco Goya (1824-1825), Watercolour on ivory, Princeton University Art Museum

 

1825 and 1827 - Francisco Goya - The Milkmaid of Bordeaux
The Milkmaid of Bordeaux by Francisco Goya (1825-1827), oil on canvas, Height: 74cm (29.1 inches), width: 68cm (26.7 inches), Prado Museum, Madrid
1827 - Francisco Goya - Mariano Goya, the Artist's Grandson
Mariano Goya, the Artist’s Grandson by Francisco Goya (1827), Oil on canvas, Height: 52 cm (20.4 inches); Width: 41.2 cm (16.2 inches), Meadows Museum, Dallas

 

1827 - Francisco Goya - Portrait of Jose Pio de Molina Goya
Don José Pío de Molina by Francisco Goya (1827), oil, Reinhart Collection, Winterthur

 

6 Trackbacks / Pingbacks

  1. Francisco Goya: The Parasol
  2. Monk Talking to an Old Woman: Francisco Goya
  3. Lola de Valence: Édouard Manet
  4. Gypsy with a Cigarette: Edouard Manet
  5. Self Portrait with Dr. Arrieta: Francisco Goya
  6. Francisco Goya: The Swing

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