Caspar David Friedrich Portrait

Caspar David Friedrich

Caspar David Friedrich (1774—1840) was the greatest German Romantic painter, known for his sublime landscapes.

Caspar David Friedrich Summary

  • Represented nature in its authentic, trans-human form but perceived by awed humanity
  • Affected by the deaths of his mother and brothers and sisters, the last of which he witnessed
  • Manifested the romantic perception of the sublime and the lonesome genius
  • In 1805, emerged as the winner of an art competition organized by Goethe
  • Regarded by German nationalists, not excluding the Nazis, of being a symbol of Germany
  • Despite his patriotism, left Prussia for pro-French Saxony and enjoyed Russian patronage

Caspar David Friedrich’s Famous Paintings

  • Cross in the Mountains [Tetschen Altar] (1808)
  • The Monk by the Sea (1809)
  • The Abbey in the Oakwood (c. 1810)
  • Cross in the Mountains (c. 1814)
  • Wanderer above a Sea of Fog (1818)
  • Chalk Cliffs on Rügen (1818)
  • Moonlife over the Sea (1822)
  • The Sea of Ice (c. 1824)
  • Man and Woman Contemplating the Moon (c. 1824)
  • The Stages of Life (1835)

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