Month: December 2021

The Artist’s Son and Sister in the Garden at Sèvres: Marie Bracquemond

The Artist’s Son and Sister in the Garden at Sèvres: Marie Bracquemond

The Artist’s Son and Sister in the Garden at Sèvres is an 1890 painting by French Impressionist artist Marie Bracquemond. This picture is part of the ample visual evidence for the artist’s breaking with the tradition of the old masters as taught her by her husband Félix. The arrangement of her son and sister in …

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Jean-Léon Gérôme

Jean-Léon Gérôme

Jean-Léon Gérôme (May 11, 1824—January 10, 1904) was the most eminent academicist French painter between the 1860s and 1880s when he also became a reference for the traditionalists against the modernists. Jean-Léon Gérôme Summary: He was educated under Paul Delaroche, who brought him to Italy which heightened his interest in art. His body of work …

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François Boucher

François Boucher

François Boucher (1703—1770) was a noted French Rococo artist, noted for his pastoral themes and decorative predilection. François Boucher Summary Born in Paris, Boucher remained a successful painter in the capital all his life Became the symbol of the Rococo taste under Louis XV (1715-1774) and First Painter of the King Brought erotic elements into …

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Giorgione

Giorgione

Giorgione (1470s—1510) was a remarkable painter of the Venetian school about whom little is known. Giorgione Summary Born on the periphery of Venice, he became a renowned painter in his 20s Close collaboration with Titian and Bellini has left ambiguities about authorship Recognized as an ingenious innovator even by his masters and known for his …

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Peter Paul Rubens

Peter Paul Rubens

Peter Paul Rubens (1577—1640) was the greatest painter of the Flemish Baroque. Peter Paul Rubens Summary Born in Siegen, in western Germany, to a family of Calvinist refugees from Antwerp Much influenced by the Venetians and Italian Renaissance masters, he resided in Italy Centered his work on idealized mythological and biblical nudes Deployed as a …

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Diego Velázquez

Diego Velázquez

Diego Velázquez (1599—1660) was the greatest painter of the Spanish Golden Age who has exerted a constant influence on painters until the present day. Diego Velázquez Summary In 1623 painted Philip IV, which won him primacy over all other portraitists in Spain Visits to Italy, in 1629 and 1649, determine the two main phases of …

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Orazio Gentileschi

Orazio Gentileschi

Orazio Gentileschi (1563–1639) was a Mannerist painter at the courts of Marie de Medici of France and Charles I of England. Orazio Gentileschi Summary Born in Pisa to a family of Florentine artisans, learns the goldsmith’s craft Already as a teenager, becomes a Mannerist decorator for popes Gregory XIII and Sixtus V By 1603, influenced …

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J. M. W. Turner

J. M. W. Turner

J. M. W. Turner (1775—1851) was the great Romantic landscapist of English painting. J. M. W. Turner Summary His father, a butcher, was an enthusiastic supporter and the first to sell his drawings The deaths of his father (his studio assistant) and Edward Thomas Daniell affected him deeply Admitted to the Royal Academy of Art …

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Henri Matisse

Henri Matisse

Henri Matisse (1869—1954) was one of the great modernists of 20th-century European painting. Henri Matisse Summary Discovered Impressionism and Vincent van Gogh in 1896 through John Russell Led the Fauvism movement (1904-1908) within which he produced Luxe, Calme et Volupté Met Picasso in 1906, an artist with whom he is often compared Gertrude Stein and …

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Nicolas Poussin

Nicolas Poussin

Nicolas Poussin (1594-1665) was one of the most prominent artists of the classical French Baroque era. Nicolas Poussin Summary Born in Normandy, moved to Paris to become an artist against his father’s wishes Discovered the great masters in the royal collections Through the poet, Giambattista Marino, enjoyed some commissions from Marie de Medici Living in …

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Gustave Caillebotte

Gustave Caillebotte

Gustave Caillebotte (1848—1894) was a French Impressionist, artist and patron. Gustave Caillebotte Summary Born to an upper-class Parisian family, inherited a successful textile business In contact with the Impressionists from the start, participating in the second exhibition On the precedent of Millet and Courbet, developed a realistic personal style Supported, as a patron, the work …

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Anthony van Dyck

Anthony van Dyck

Anthony van Dyck (1599—1641) was a Flemish Baroque painter and famous court painter in England. Anthony van Dyck Summary Born to a family of merchants from Antwerp, became a professional painter by the age of 15 Acknowledged by Rubens as his best pupil, their relationship is overall obscure In 1620 employed by King James I …

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Johannes Vermeer

Johannes Vermeer

Johannes Vermeer (1632—1675) was a Dutch Baroque painter known for his depictions of middle-class society. Johannes Vermeer Summary Born in Delft, in Holland, to a Reformed Church artisan family Painted a relatively small number of works (less than 50) of which 34 survive today Converted to Catholicism through marriage and exhibited firm faith in his …

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Armand Guillaumin

Armand Guillaumin

Armand Guillaumin (1841—1927) was an artist and member of the French Impressionist circle. Armand Guillaumin Summary Born in Paris and died in its periphery, in Orly Met Paul Cézanne and Camille Pissarro as a student at the Académie Suisse Worked as a railway official until he decided to pursue a career in art Influenced Paul …

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